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Name      
Denmark    Allinge, Madsebakke EuroPreArt - European Prehistoric Art

Denmark Image map
Keywords: Bronze Age, Rock Art, Carving, Open air, Ship figure, Wheel-cross, Foot print, Cup marks.
Institution: Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.  http://www.hgo.se/
Record
proposed
by
Gotland University - Sweden
 
Location
Specific feedbackSpecific feedback

Country:

Denmark

Locality:

Madsebakke

Region:

Bornholm

Area:

Allinge

 

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Map over Denmark and Bornholm, with Allinge parish marked out and also Madsebakke (map Li Winter 2001).
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Copyright. No commercial use of EuroPreArt content is allowed. Specific © for pictures and drawings is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution.
Disclaim. The EuroPreArt project fully endorses the most recent documentation policies. It must be outlined the absolute forbidding of any disruptive method and the necessity of a total respect for archaeological sites. It is also to be noticed that no substances shall be applied to rock art for recording purposes. Some pictures of the EuroPreArt records are related to past recording techniques and may not fully match these policies. They are an historical documentation. Please refer to local archaeological official authorities for any recording purpose. Please take a look also over EuroPreArt guidelines.
 
Environment & Surface

Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
Wide smooth rock, orientated NE-SW, slope facing NW and farmland.

Proximity:

The sea is visible from the locality, which also provides a magnificent view over the surrounding farmland.

Geology:

Surface:

Smooth, sloping surface. Cracks and weathering.

 

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Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
Madsebakke, Allinge, Bornholm. The major rock carving locality in Bornholm with a total number of more than 20 figures. On a small panel, separated from the main carving, is a simple rock carving ship with extended prows turned upwards, and with the keel-line extended and turned upwards. There are no crew-lines but the area between the gunwale and keel are separated by a number of strokes. There are 8 cup marks over the ship. About 7 m SW is the main panel at Madsebakke. There are a number of ship figures, of which some with short crew-lines. One ship has a small animal in the stem, probably a horse from whose neck a line is attached to a circle figure above the centre of the ship. Between two of the ship figures is a wheel cross, 28 cm diameter surrounded by cup marks and with 4 cup marks between the spokes. There are another 3 weathered ship figures, of which one has a high prow with an animal-head decoration, another prow ends with a loop. Many of the ships are double-lined with vertical frame-strokes in the hull. There are a number of cup marks distributed over the panel, some clearly connected with the carved figures. There are also ship figures which are single-lined, with a twist or loop at the end of the extended prow. Three foot prints are totally carved out, and there are a number of fragmentary prints at the top of the panel. Along the E side of the panel there are a larger number of cup marks, and another group are found at the SW part of the rock, towards the top.

Figures:
10 ship figures 7 foot prints 1wheel cross 2 curved lines Large number of cup marks

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
The relative dating of the rock carvings of Bornholm are that they belong to the Bronze Age, c. 1800-500 BC. Finds dated to the Bronze Age have been made very close to the rock carving locality and also comparative analyses of style in the ship figures suggests a Bronze Age dating. The carvings are also found along the right level above the sea during this period.

Notes:

The Madsebakke locality is the largest figurative rock carving in Bornholm. It has been re-documented and registrated during May/June 2001 by project lead by Flemming Kaul, National Museum of Denmark, Gerhard Milstreau, Tanums Hllristningsmuseum and Finn-Ole Nielsen, Bornholms Museer.
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Denmark EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.General (country)
Specific Allinge, Madsebakke bibliography, by Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

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Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

Damage to the environment including weathering of the rock surface have been in the full blaze of publicity for a long time. The condition of the rock carvings of Bornholm are as on many other places are drastically growing worse. The cause is to be found in the changes of environment created by man, environmental pollution. Essential accelerating elements of weathering are acid rain, humic acid created in scientifically managed forests, and changes of the flora, lichen and moss.

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

Madsebakke has been subject for re-documentation and registration in May/June 2001 by a project lead by Flemming Kaul, the National Museum of Denmark, with Gerhard Milstreau, Tanums Hllristningsmuseum Undersls and Finn-Ole Nielsen, Bornholms Museer.

 

By          

Compiler:

Li Winter 2001.

Institution:

Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.  http://www.hgo.se/
 
         Record n. 1 / 807
No commercial use is allowed. Specific is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
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EuroPreArt, European Prehistoric Art, is a web-based archaeological project funded by the European Union which aims to establish a lasting data-base of European prehistoric art documentation, to launch the base of an European institutional network and to contribute to the awareness of the diversity and richness of European Prehistoric Art.
It is proposed by: Instituto Politcnico de Tomar (IPT, Portugal), CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage (Italy - Europe), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientficas (España), Asociacin Cultural Colectivo Barban (España), Université de Liège (Belgique), Gotland University College (Sverige), University College Dublin (Eire), Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Italia), Study Centre and Museum of Prehistoric Art of Pinerolo (Italia), The European Centre for Prehistoric Research in the Alto Ribatejo (Portugal), ArqueoJovem - a youth NGO (Portugal).
Instituto Politcnico de Tomar - Portugal CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello - Italy CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientficas, Madrid - Spain Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Asociacin Cultural Colectivo Barban, Extremadura -Spain Liège University - Belgium Gotland University - Sweden University College Dublin - Ireland CeSMAP - Centro Studi e Museo d'Arte Preistorica. Pinerolo, Italy Arqueo Jovem

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