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Sweden    Borg, Herrebro panels 6 & 7D EuroPreArt - European Prehistoric Art

Sweden Image map
Keywords: Bronze Age, Carving, Rock art, Open air, Human figures, Ship figures, Procession, Circle figures, Cup marks.
Institution: Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.
Gotland University - Sweden
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Tracing of Herrebro panel 6, note the unusual ship figure with a sail-like superstructure (Burenhult 1973:159).
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Copyright. No commercial use of EuroPreArt content is allowed. Specific © for pictures and drawings is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution.
Disclaim. The EuroPreArt project fully endorses the most recent documentation policies. It must be outlined the absolute forbidding of any disruptive method and the necessity of a total respect for archaeological sites. It is also to be noticed that no substances shall be applied to rock art for recording purposes. Some pictures of the EuroPreArt records are related to past recording techniques and may not fully match these policies. They are an historical documentation. Please refer to local archaeological official authorities for any recording purpose. Please take a look also over EuroPreArt guidelines.
Environment & Surface

Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Several panels with rock carvings. Low, flat ridge, c. 225 m NW of the farm-houses in Stora Herrebro. Farmland, private property.


Situated in an area with several rock carving localities, between the Lake Glan and so called Norrköping-fault. In the vicinity of Motala stream and E4. Down the road from Skälv.


Mica-schist and gneiss.


Low, rather smooth surface.

Length 3.00 m.  Width 2.00 m.




Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
Skälv panels 6 & 7D, Borg parish, Östergötland. The locality consists of a number of panels with rock carvings. On panel no 6 there are c. 5 ship figures, 3 double-lined with crew strokes, 1 single-lined, and one double-lined without crew strokes. The largest ship has an extended keel-line, perhaps a steering-oar and an extended and upturned prow. Over the gunwale there is an oval superstructure with frame-strokes, could be a sail. There is 1 human figure, some cup marks and a number of obscure figures, possibly fragmentary frame-figures. Panel no 7D: There are 6 ship figures, of which one double-lined without crew strokes, with stem and stern turned up-and inwards, 4 double-lined with crew strokes. There is 1 single-lined ship with 4 crew strokes. There are 2 circle figures with 1 cup mark in the middle, and 6 cup marks distributed over the surface. There are 7 human figures forming a procession. The human figures are wearing horned helmets and the arms are raised.

Ship figures/double-lined with crew strokes/without crew strokes/single-lined Human figure Circle figure Frame figures (?) Cup marks


Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
The rock carvings in Östergötland are generally dated to the Bronze Age, c. 1800-500 BC on basis of the position in the landscape, the relation to other ancient monuments and of the combinations of different figures and motifs. Bronze Age, Carving, Rock art, Open air, Wheel cross, Human figures, Horsemen, Dancer, Weapon, Axes, Shafted dagger, Ceremonial, Megalithic, Ship figures, Cup marks.


The province of Östergötland in Sweden, has long been well-known for its profusion of rock carvings, but figurative carvings only abound in a small area to the W of Norrköping; elsewhere they are few and far between. It is probable that the Norrköping district was of importance as a religious centre on several spatial and social levels in a tribal society: local, regional and supra-regional; perhaps with Ekenberg functioning on the highest level. The widespread cup mark sites, on the other hand, were utilised for a domestic cult on a microlevel, probably prevailing into the Iron Age and perhaps longer (Selinge 1989:234).

European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Sweden EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.General (country)
Specific Borg, Herrebro panels 6 & 7D bibliography, by Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art




Public   Private   Park   Classified site


The rock carvings are fragile and the major risk are chemical weathering, which makes the hard quartzite losen up and fall out, leaving white dots on the darker rock surface. Also natural weathering (mechanical weathering) during winter/spring, when water freeze in cracks and openings in the rock, creates major damage to rock faces with carvings. The biological weathering is also a danger to the rock carvings, and even to intense cleaning of the rock surface during documentation can make the rock fragile and expose the carvings to wind, water and air-born pollution.


Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad


Problems concerning conservation and preservation, registration and documentation of rock carvings in Scandinavia are discussed by several departments, i.e. Riksantikvaren in Norway, Riksantikvarieämbetet in Sweden, several universities and research departments. Different methods are tested, for example covering of carved surfaces, measuring of temperature and different contents in water and air and also the composition in the granite. Hollows and cracks in the rock surface can be repaired and carefully filled in. The carvings are partly painted.




Li Winter 2001.


Gotland University College, Visby, Sweden.
         Record n. 754 / 807
No commercial use is allowed. Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
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NEW: Alpine rock paintings
enter the Balma dei Cervi Virtual Museum and surf the Virtual Tour: spherical pano-views,
hi-def flat photos and tracings

EuroPreArt, European Prehistoric Art, is a web-based archaeological project funded by the European Union which aims to establish a lasting data-base of European prehistoric art documentation, to launch the base of an European institutional network and to contribute to the awareness of the diversity and richness of European Prehistoric Art.
It is proposed by: Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (IPT, Portugal), CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage (Italy - Europe), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España), Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón (España), Université de Liège (Belgique), Gotland University College (Sverige), University College Dublin (Eire), Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Italia), Study Centre and Museum of Prehistoric Art of Pinerolo (Italia), The European Centre for Prehistoric Research in the Alto Ribatejo (Portugal), ArqueoJovem - a youth NGO (Portugal).
Instituto Politécnico de Tomar - Portugal CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello - Italy CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid - Spain Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón, Extremadura -Spain Liège University - Belgium Gotland University - Sweden University College Dublin - Ireland CeSMAP - Centro Studi e Museo d'Arte Preistorica. Pinerolo, Italy Arqueo Jovem

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