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Name      
France    Haute Maurienne - Roche des Bouquetins EuroPreArt - European Prehistoric Art

France Image map
Keywords: Iron Age, hunting, ibex, roman, inscription
Institution: Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana  http://geocities.com/culturamontana
Original
record
by
Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana - Italy
 
Location
Specific feedbackSpecific feedback

Country:

France

Locality:

Lanslevillard - Arcelle Neuve

Region:

Savoie

Area:

Haute Maurienne

 

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Haute Maurienne, " Roche des Bouquetins", the rock and the environment (photo A. Arcà - GCM 1993)
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Copyright. No commercial use of EuroPreArt content is allowed. Specific © for pictures and drawings is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution.
Disclaim. The EuroPreArt project fully endorses the most recent documentation policies. It must be outlined the absolute forbidding of any disruptive method and the necessity of a total respect for archaeological sites. It is also to be noticed that no substances shall be applied to rock art for recording purposes. Some pictures of the EuroPreArt records are related to past recording techniques and may not fully match these policies. They are an historical documentation. Please refer to local archaeological official authorities for any recording purpose. Please take a look also over EuroPreArt guidelines.
 
Environment & Surface

Altitude:

2240 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Geography:
High mountain northward exposed slope, upper tree-vegetation limit, larches wood, alpine pasture, panoramic,

Proximity:

Path (Grande Randonnée), sources

Geology:

Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica). This kind of rock allows the pecking technique, but is more affected by the erosion (water and wind) than the Permian sandstone, thus the siliceous component, not soluble in water, is quite resistant. The rock is covered by snow for 6-7 months each year.

Surface:

Smooth, flat and lightly waved, patina, brown encrusted lichens, 40°-55° of inclination, black and yellow lichens, west-south-west exposed

Dimensions:
Length 1.30 m.  Width 0.70 m.  Depth 0.35 m.

 

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Art        

Description:

Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
It is one of the most interesting Iron Age hunting scenes of the western Alps. The ibexes are well detailed and the warrior-hunter is depicted while handling a shake and a little shield. In this area the ibex replace the deer in the hunting scenes. The scene shows close similarities (seminaturalistic way of depicting the bodies, curly tail dog, general theme and composition of the hunting scene) with the analogous Camunnian ones. The Roman inscriptions has been read by G. Mennella. They says: "Luccius Mett.... qui amat iatinu(m)2 or "latinu(m)" (1), "aratam" (2), "amat"(3). The interpretation is that these inscription were executed as a graffito, so defacing the more ancient Iron age scene, by a Roman officer controlling the payment of the taxes (quadragesima galliarum) in the Moncenisio pass area. The graffito represent a disgrace against Lucius Mettius, who is described as having inconvenient erotic practices with the ibexes (qui amat platinum). It is the highest Roman inscription found in the Alps.

Figures:
total number 9
3 ibexes, 1 curly tail dog, 1 hunter with spear, 1 anthropomorphic figure with no head, 3 Roman inscriptions

Chronology:

Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
The hunting scene (massive body warriors, curly tail dog, semi-naturalistic animals) is clearly comparable with the similar scenes of the Iron Age Valcamonica rock art (IV2 IV3 style, VII-IV cent. BC). The Roman inscriptions are of the I cent. AD.

Notes:

The rock has been discovered on October 1989 by P. Meirano, G. M. Cametti and Andrea Arcà of the Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana (GRCM) of Turin. It has been studied by the French team of the Chambery Archaeological Museum, by the GRCM itself, and by the Prof. G. Mennella of the Genoa University who read the roman inscriptions.
 
Bibliography        





European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
France EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura MontanaGeneral (country)
Specific Haute Maurienne - Roche des Bouquetins bibliography, by Gruppo Ricerche Cultura MontanaSpecific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art
Database

 

 
Conservation        

Status:

Public   Private   Park   Classified site

Risk:

The engraved surface is just aside a well attended path and could be damaged by tourists. The engravings are visible only under grazing light (early morning and late afternoon).

Conservation:

Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad

Intervention:

The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides). A cast has been executed (professional technique with elastomeric mould and copy in synthetic resin). Recording data can be found at the Chambery Museum.

 

By          

Compiler:

Andrea Arcà

Institution:

Gruppo Ricerche Cultura Montana  http://geocities.com/culturamontana
 
         Record n. 298 / 807
No commercial use is allowed. Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
 
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EuroPreArt, European Prehistoric Art, is a web-based archaeological project funded by the European Union which aims to establish a lasting data-base of European prehistoric art documentation, to launch the base of an European institutional network and to contribute to the awareness of the diversity and richness of European Prehistoric Art.
It is proposed by: Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (IPT, Portugal), CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage (Italy - Europe), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España), Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón (España), Université de Liège (Belgique), Gotland University College (Sverige), University College Dublin (Eire), Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Italia), Study Centre and Museum of Prehistoric Art of Pinerolo (Italia), The European Centre for Prehistoric Research in the Alto Ribatejo (Portugal), ArqueoJovem - a youth NGO (Portugal).
Instituto Politécnico de Tomar - Portugal CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello - Italy CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid - Spain Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón, Extremadura -Spain Liège University - Belgium Gotland University - Sweden University College Dublin - Ireland CeSMAP - Centro Studi e Museo d'Arte Preistorica. Pinerolo, Italy Arqueo Jovem

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