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Italia    Valsusa - Roccia delle Spire EuroPreArt - European Prehistoric Art

Italy map
Keywords: Meander, snake-like, naked, sex, couple, adam, eva
Institution: Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)
Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy
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Mompantero - see original record (ask compiler - institution)






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Mompantero, Rock of the Spires (photo A. Arcà 1992)
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Copyright. No commercial use of EuroPreArt content is allowed. Specific © for pictures and drawings is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution.
Disclaim. The EuroPreArt project fully endorses the most recent documentation policies. It must be outlined the absolute forbidding of any disruptive method and the necessity of a total respect for archaeological sites. It is also to be noticed that no substances shall be applied to rock art for recording purposes. Some pictures of the EuroPreArt records are related to past recording techniques and may not fully match these policies. They are an historical documentation. Please refer to local archaeological official authorities for any recording purpose. Please take a look also over EuroPreArt guidelines.
Environment & Surface


1060 m
Open-air   Shelter   Cave Portable   Megalithic

Rocky slope, southward exposed, panoramic site, abandoned sheep pasture, xerophilous vegetation (Juniperus, little pine-tree), stone walls, arid and windy area. Terrassment, area cultivated till 1950 (wheat, rye, vines).




Filladic calcschist (metamorphic rock composed by calcite and mica). This kind of rock allows the pecking technique, but is more affected by the erosion (water and wind) than the Permian sandstone, thus the siliceous component, not soluble in water, is quite resistant.


Smooth, convex, 0° of inclination, patina

Length 0.80 m.  Width 0.50 m.  Depth 0.18 m.


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Engravings   Paintings   Painted engravings   High or low-relief   Sculpture
The two largest human figures clearly show their sex: penis, testicles, breast. They are depicted arm-in-arm. It could depict a family scene. The meander goes all around the perimetral borders, showing a large pecking. M. Rossi suggest that it could be a representation af the biblic scene of Adam and Eva and the snake. In reality the human figures superimpose the meander and so belong to a different phase.

total number 12
1 meander, 1 male figure, 1 female figure, 1 little human figure, 1 branched figure, 1 cup-mark like figure.


Palaeolithic   Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic   Neolithic   Copper Age   Bronze Age   Iron Age   Roman   Middle Age   Modern   Unknown
The meander is a problematic subject to be dated. It's possible to find a double chronological attribution: Neolithic-first Copper Age (by comparison with the meanders and the spirals of the Irish passage graves and of the megalithic art) or Bronze Age - First Iron Age (by comparison with the engravings of the Haute Maurienne French valley where such patterns seem to be related to the Iron Age topographical compositions). The study of the superimpositions in the Valsusa area testify that the meandro-spiralic pattern is overlapped by late Iron Age figures, like axes. The human figures, which overlap the meander, could find some point of contact with romano-celtic human representations, but could pertain also to later phases



European total bibliography, by EuroPreArt partnersTotal (Europe)
Italia EuroPreArt general bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)General (country)
Specific Valsusa - Roccia delle Spire bibliography, by Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)Specific (site)
Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic worldwide Database (external link). Compiled by Leigh Marymor. Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley Bibliographic
Rock Art




Public   Private   Park   Classified site


The stone is under the risk of being moved. Figures are visible only on a grazing light. The site is poorly attended, thus some people is passing with motorbikes along the mountain path. The surface is affected by the erosion. The area is rarely covered by snow.


Good   Quite good   Mediocre   Bad


The rock has been completely recorded (International western Alps rock art record), traced (contact tracing and digital vectorial rendition), photographed (normal light and grazing light colour slides) under enchargement of the Archaeological Superintendence of Piedmont. More info (Italian version) at and




Andrea Arcà


Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man)
         Record n. 502 / 807
No commercial use is allowed. Specific © is mentioned in the captions or owned by each Author or Institution  
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EuroPreArt, European Prehistoric Art, is a web-based archaeological project funded by the European Union which aims to establish a lasting data-base of European prehistoric art documentation, to launch the base of an European institutional network and to contribute to the awareness of the diversity and richness of European Prehistoric Art.
It is proposed by: Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (IPT, Portugal), CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage (Italy - Europe), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España), Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón (España), Université de Liège (Belgique), Gotland University College (Sverige), University College Dublin (Eire), Cooperativa Archeologica Le Orme dell'Uomo (Italia), Study Centre and Museum of Prehistoric Art of Pinerolo (Italia), The European Centre for Prehistoric Research in the Alto Ribatejo (Portugal), ArqueoJovem - a youth NGO (Portugal).
Instituto Politécnico de Tomar - Portugal CUEBC - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello - Italy CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid - Spain Orme dell'Uomo - Footsteps of Man, Valcamonica - Italy Asociación Cultural Colectivo Barbaón, Extremadura -Spain Liège University - Belgium Gotland University - Sweden University College Dublin - Ireland CeSMAP - Centro Studi e Museo d'Arte Preistorica. Pinerolo, Italy Arqueo Jovem

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