High or low-relief
Madsebakke, Allinge, Bornholm. The major rock carving locality in Bornholm with a total number of more than 20 figures. On a small panel, separated from the main carving, is a simple rock carving ship with extended prows turned upwards, and with the keel-line extended and turned upwards. There are no crew-lines but the area between the gunwale and keel are separated by a number of strokes. There are 8 cup marks over the ship.
About 7 m SW is the main panel at Madsebakke. There are a number of ship figures, of which some with short crew-lines. One ship has a small animal in the stem, probably a horse from whose neck a line is attached to a circle figure above the centre of the ship. Between two of the ship figures is a wheel cross, 28 cm diameter surrounded by cup marks and with 4 cup marks between the spokes. There are another 3 weathered ship figures, of which one has a high prow with an animal-head decoration, another prow ends with a loop. Many of the ships are double-lined with vertical frame-strokes in the hull. There are a number of cup marks distributed over the panel, some clearly connected with the carved figures. There are also ship figures which are single-lined, with a twist or loop at the end of the extended prow. Three foot prints are totally carved out, and there are a number of fragmentary prints at the top of the panel. Along the E side of the panel there are a larger number of cup marks, and another group are found at the SW part of the rock, towards the top.
10 ship figures
7 foot prints
2 curved lines
Large number of cup marks
Epipalaeolithic - Mesolithic
The relative dating of the rock carvings of Bornholm are that they belong to the Bronze Age, c. 1800-500 BC. Finds dated to the Bronze Age have been made very close to the rock carving locality and also comparative analyses of style in the ship figures suggests a Bronze Age dating. The carvings are also found along the right level above the sea during this period.
The Madsebakke locality is the largest figurative rock carving in Bornholm. It has been re-documented and registrated during May/June 2001 by project lead by Flemming Kaul, National Museum of Denmark, Gerhard Milstreau, Tanums Hällristningsmuseum and Finn-Ole Nielsen, Bornholms Museer.
Damage to the environment including weathering of the rock surface have been in the full blaze of publicity for a long time. The condition of the rock carvings of Bornholm are as on many other places are drastically growing worse. The cause is to be found in the changes of environment created by man, environmental pollution. Essential accelerating elements of weathering are acid rain, humic acid created in scientifically managed forests, and changes of the flora, lichen and moss.
Madsebakke has been subject for re-documentation and registration in May/June 2001 by a project lead by Flemming Kaul, the National Museum of Denmark, with Gerhard Milstreau, Tanums Hällristningsmuseum Underslös and Finn-Ole Nielsen, Bornholms Museer.